What are the most effective exercises to improve your overall health and fitness?


A combination of strength training and cardiovascular exercise can build muscle strength, improve heart health, and help to maintain a healthy lung function.

Multi-muscle exercises are especially effective. These exercises can be done with minimal equipment and are suitable for all fitness levels.

We’ll be looking at 13 top exercises to improve your overall health and fitness. We will explain how each exercise works in detail and give step-by-step directions.

Doing the exercises

These exercises can be done individually or in a group. While some of these exercises require basic equipment such as dumbbells and an exercise ball, many can be done without any equipment.


Pushups strengthen multiple muscle groups and strengthen the arms, chest, shoulders, and back.

How to do them

  • Start in a plank with your arms straight and your body horizontally lifted to the floor. To support your body, keep your feet together with your toes flexed.
  • Your palms should be flattened on the ground, shoulder-width apart. The fingers should face inward or straight ahead.
  • Keep your head aligned with the spine. Slowly bend your elbows inward and lower your body to the ground.
  • Keep your hips and lower back in line.
  • Aim to touch your chest or chin on the floor as low as you can.
  • To return the body to its original position, use the arm muscles.
  • To support your back, keep your abdominal muscles engaged.


The benefits of bodyweight squats can increase your lower body strength and core strength. They also work the abs and buttocks and your hips, calves, calves and shins.

How to do them

  • Place your feet slightly wider than your hips apart and orient the toes slightly inward.
  • Place your hands on the sides with your palms facing in. Keep your shoulders back.
  • To support your back, engage the abdominal muscles.
  • Keep your back flat, and shift your hips forward.
  • Continue to lower your legs until your thighs meet the ground.
  • Push your feet forward to return to the starting position.
  • Exhale and squat. Then exhale as you stand up.


Lunges target the buttocks and hips, as well as the abdominal muscles.

How to do them

  • Keep your feet together and stand straight.
  • One leg in front, bend the knee and place the foot flat onto the ground.
  • Place your supporting leg’s knee towards the floor.
  • To push yourself back to standing, use the muscles in your forward leg.
  • Continue with the opposite leg.


Running is an aerobic exercise that improves cardiovascular health and bone strength. Jogging may be a more gentle form of running and is recommended for beginners.

Interval running is a great way to improve your running endurance. This involves running for a set amount of time, then switching to running and walking again. Alternatively, runners can choose to sprint or run.

Sprint interval training can help reduce body fat, increase endurance, and improve running speed.

Side planks

Side planks can build core strength and reduce lower back pain. Side planks strengthen the abdominal, buttock, and hip muscles.

How to do them

  • Place your right side on the ground, with your legs straight out in front of you. The elbow should be under the right arm.
  • Engage your abdominals, lift the hips and knees off the ground, and align the head and body.
  • Hold the position for 15-20 seconds, focusing only on keeping your hips, head and shoulders in the same place.
  • Slowly return to your original position, then switch sides and do the same.


Planks help strengthen core strength and the abdominal and back muscles.

How to do them

  • Begin by placing your elbows on the ground. Keep your elbows parallel to the floor.
  • Lift your body horizontally towards the floor by lifting it.
  • To support your body, keep your feet together with your toes flexed.
  • Hold for 20-30 Seconds.
  • Slowly lower your head to the floor and rest for 1 minute. Then repeat this process 3-5 more times.

After feeling strong, people can attempt a high plank. The same body positioning is used for this move, except that the person holds their arms straight and their palms are flat on the ground, directly below the shoulders.

Knee tucks

Knee tucks work out the abdominals, calves and shins. You will need an exercise ball (sometimes called a stability ball).

How to do them

  • Place your stomach on top of the stability ball, with your hands and feet on the floor.
  • Keep your hands on the ground and move forward until your knees touch the ball. Your hands should be directly below your shoulders.
  • To curl your knees into the chest, roll your knees forward.
  • Slowly move your knees backwards to return to the original position.

Glute bridge

The glute bridge, also known as the posterior chain, is beneficial for the muscles at the back of your body.

How to do it

  • Place your feet flat on the ground and place your knees bent on your back.
  • To lift your hips off the ground, contract the abdominal and buttocks. This will bring them in line with your shoulders and knees. Do not arch your lower back.
  • Slowly, lower yourself back to the original position.

Standing overhead, dumbbell presses.

This exercise strengthens the shoulders. Most people require two dumbbells.

How to do them

  • Place your feet hip-width apart.
  • With the inside of your wrists facing forward, hold a dumbbell in each palm. Then bend your arms to raise the dumbbells to shoulder height.
  • Engage your abdominal muscles, exhale and extend the arms straight up to lift dumbbells straight above the shoulders.
  • Exhale and bend your elbows. Slowly lower the dumbbells to shoulder height.
  • Avoid arching your lower back.

Dumbbell rows

Dumbbell rows can increase muscle strength and strengthen the back. Greater muscle strength can also help the body to consume more calories when it is not in use. This exercise requires two dumbbells.

How to do them

  • Keep your back straight while bending your knees.
  • With your arms straightening, hold the dumbbells in front of you with your inside wrists facing the other.
  • Move one hand towards the rib cage and return it to its original position.
  • Continue with the opposite arm.
  • Alternating sides for 8-10 times per set.
  • Continue for three sets with a rest period of 45 seconds between each set.

Pike roll-out

Pike roll-outs strengthen the shoulder, arm, and abdominal muscles. A stability ball is necessary for most people.

How to do it

  • Place your stomach on the ball, with your hands on the ground.
  • To rest your flexed feet on the ball, roll forward. The body should be straight, with straight arms straight under your shoulders and your palms flat onto the floor.
  • Lift your hips towards the ceiling by bending at the hips.
  • The head should be between the arms with the hips aligned with the shoulders.
  • Slowly, lower down until you reach the starting position.

Crow Stand

The yoga position of the Crow Stand improves balance. It can also help to build arm, wrist, and core strength.

How to do it

  • Place your palms on the ground and place them flat on the mat. The fingers should be spread out, and the arms bent slightly.
  • Place your feet behind your hands and bend your knees towards the triceps. The elbows should be just below the lower inner thighs.
  • Balance your toes on the ground and transfer the weight into your hands.
  • Begin by elevating one foot at a time from the floor.
  • If you can, raise both your feet off the ground and then touch the big toes together. Balance on your hands.
  • Slowly lower your feet to the ground.


Swimming is an exercise that uses most muscle groups, but it’s low-impact. It may be suitable for people with certain injuries and health conditions.

Particularly if you are a beginner, it is important to swim in a pool open to the public or a controlled environment.

How do you progress

These exercises can be more difficult by taking a few simple steps to gain fitness. These steps are:

  • Adding more weight
  • Increasing the number of repetitions, sets or both
  • Increase the frequency of your workouts

A personal trainer or instructor can be a partner. These professionals can increase difficulty levels while maintaining proper technique.


Regular exercise is essential for your overall health and well-being. Combining resistance training with cardiovascular training can help you prevent many diseases.

As their fitness improves, they can slowly but increase the frequency or number of sets and repetitions. 


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